Small pieces of stone or glass cut into squares and used to create mosaics. Tesserae of different colors are glued to the wall, ceiling, or floor to form an image or decorative pattern and the spaces between them are then grouted to produce an even surface. This method was devised in the ancient era to decorate interior domestic and public spaces with mythological or political scenes. With the adoption of Christianity as the official faith of the Roman Empire, the subjects of the mosaics changed from mythological to religious. Brilliantly colored tesserae were applied to the wall surfaces of churches to create images that awed the faithful and instructed them on Christian doctrine. The glitter produced by the tesserae, especially those cut from colored glass, provided a splendorous backdrop for the mass. These types of mosaics continued to be produced well into the Proto-Renaissance era. Examples include Jacopo Torriti's apse mosaics in the Basilica of St. John Lateran (c. 1291) and at Santa Maria Maggiore (c. 1294), Rome, Coppo di Marcovaldo's mosaics covering the vault of the Baptistery of Florence (second half of the 13th century), and Giotto's Navicella, the scene when Christ walks on water to save St. Peter from drowning, once placed in the courtyard façade of Old St. Peter's (c. 1307, destroyed)
   See also Cosmatesque style.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • TESSERAE — nomen ludi apud Veteres multum usitati. A. Gellius, l. 1. c. 20. Κύβος est figura ex omni latere quadrata: quales sunt Tesserae, quibus in alveolo luditur: ex quo ipsae quoque appellatae κύβοι. Ubi Tesseras sive cubos a cubo denominari scribit:… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Tesserae — Tessera (lat. für Viereck; Plural: tesserae; das Wort ist abgeleitet vom altgriechischen τέσσαρες / téssares – vier ) ist die Bezeichnung für die kleinen viereckigen Plättchen aus Stein, Keramik, Erz, Blei, Bein, Terrakotta oder Glas, mit denen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tesserae — Tessera Tes se*ra, n.; pl. {Tesser[ae]}. [L., a square piece, a die. See {Tessellar}.] A small piece of marble, glass, earthenware, or the like, having a square, or nearly square, face, used by the ancients for mosaic, as for making pavements,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tesserae — the nonectodermal prismatic calcifications forming a major portion of the mineralized tissue in sharks. A tessera consists of one or more irregular layers of calcifications surrounding a radiating cluster of cells (easily seen on the prepared… …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • tesserae — n. mosaic tile; small tablet of wood or bone that was used as a token or ticket in ancient Greece and Rome …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Tesserae (video game) — Tesserae is a single player computer game developed by Nicholas Schlott and published by Inline Design in 1990 for the Macintosh. The game was also published for the Game Boy and Game Gear handhelds by GameTek.External links*… …   Wikipedia

  • Semper bene cadunt Jovis tesserae. — См. Все на свете к лучшему …   Большой толково-фразеологический словарь Михельсона (оригинальная орфография)

  • mosaic — mosaically, adv. /moh zay ik/, n., adj., v., mosaicked, mosaicking. n. 1. a picture or decoration made of small, usually colored pieces of inlaid stone, glass, etc. 2. the process of producing such a picture or decoration. 3. something resembling …   Universalium

  • Mosaic — /moh zay ik/, adj. of or pertaining to Moses or the writings, laws, and principles attributed to him: Mosaic ethics. Also, Mosaical. [1655 65; < NL Mosaicus, equiv. to LL Mos(es) MOSES + aicus, on the model of Hebraicus Hebraic] * * * Surface… …   Universalium

  • Список тессер на Венере — Тессера (в переводе с греческого черепица[1]) название деталей рельефа поверхности Венеры, представляющих собой сильно пересеченные возвышенные участки, сверху похожие на паркет или черепицу[2]:14. Впервые обнаружены АМС «Венера 15» и «Венера… …   Википедия

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